Pakistani ministers and opposition politicians met antigovernment protesters on August 20 but talks ended for the day with the sides appearing no closer to resolving a weeklong political crisis that has rattled the restive, nuclear-armed nation. Thousands of followers of cricketerturned- politician Imran Khan and populist cleric Tahir-ul-Qadri have been demonstrating outside the parliament building in Islamabad, trying to force Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to resign from office. Khan and Qadri say last year’s general election that swept Sharif to power by a landslide was rigged and are demanding his resignation.
Late on Wednesday Imran Khan’s team met with government negotiators in Islamabad to discuss his Pakistan Tehreeke- Insaf (PTI) party’s demands. “We put our demands before the government team and they promised to get back to us on Thursday after examining them,” PTI vice-chairman Shah Mehmood Qureshi told reporters after talks. Imran Khan had earlier struck a defiant note, insisting Sharif must resign before he would participate in negotiations.
Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar, a member of the government team and governor of Punjab province said the talks were cordial. “Whatever decision the two committees take will be in the best interest of Pakistan,” he said. Earlier on Wednesday evening, a crossparty delegation met members of Qadri’s team to try to resolve the standoff, but the session finished with no concrete result.
Talks were dominated by the issue of the alleged murder by police of at least 10 of Qadri’s Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT) movement’s workers in Lahore in June, Rahiq Abbasi, a member of the cleric’s committee, told reporters afterwards. called for the immediate registration of a case and the arrest of all accused,” Abbasi said, reiterating his call for Prime Minister Sharif’s government to stand down. The government’s response was not immediately known.
The showdown has added to instability in a country that has had three military coups since its creation in 1947 and which is struggling with a homegrown Taliban insurgency, a crippling power crisis and a sluggish economy. The two protest movements are not formally allied and have different goals, beyond toppling the government. But their combined pressure — and numbers — have given extra heft to the rallies.
If PAT were to reach a settlement with the government and withdraw, PTI’s position would be significantly weakened, despite Imran Khan’s tough stance. Neither movement has mobilized mass support beyond their core followers and opposition parties have shunned Imran Khan’s call to unseat the government and begin a campaign of civil disobedience.
The Supreme Court, which has played an influential role in Pakistani politics in recent years, has ordered Imran Khan and Qadri to appear on Thursday to explain their protests. The ruling came after petitions urging the court to restrain Khan and Qadri from “making illegal and unconstitutional demands”, Kamran Murtaza, a senior lawyer, told AFP. The protests have so far been peaceful but the crisis has raised fears that Pakistan’s fragile democracy could be under threat of another military intervention.
Rumours have abounded that elements within the influential military have been behind Imran Khan and Qadri’s moves, though the cleric and the interior minister have adamantly denied this. The army’s chief spokesman General Asim Bajwa said via Twitter the situation required “patience, wisdom and sagacity” from all sides and could only be resolved through “meaningful dialogue”.
Sharif has a history of testy relations with the military — his second term as prime minister ended abruptly in 1999 when then-army chief Pervez Musharraf seized power in a coup. His government is thought to have angered the military further by pursuing criminal cases against Musharraf dating back to his 1999-2008 rule, including treason charges. Military analyst Ayesha Siddiqui warned that the situation was precarious. “From the military perspective, they have tried and tested Nawaz Sharif a third time and they feel disappointed. Why would they let him be?” she told AFP.
Pak protests: Imran Khan’s party holds talks with government negotiators